Table 1

Etiological classification of rhinitis [1]

Description


IgE-mediated (allergic)

• IgE-mediated inflammation of the nasal mucosa, resulting in eosinophilic and Th2-cell infiltration of the nasal lining

• Further classified as intermittent or persistent


Autonomic

• Drug-induced (rhinitis medicamentosa)

• Hypothyroidism

• Hormonal

• Non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilia syndrome (NARES)


Infectious

• Precipitated by viral (most common), bacterial, or fungal infection


Idiopathic

• Etiology cannot be determined


Small and Kim Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology 2011 7(Suppl 1):S3   doi:10.1186/1710-1492-7-S1-S3

Open Data